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Know the signs

The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. A lump that is painless, hard and has uneven edges is more likely to be cancer. But some cancers are tender, soft and rounded. It’s important to have anything unusual checked by a doctor. The signs and symptoms for men and women are the same.

Other possible signs of breast cancer can include: . swelling of all or part of the breast,. skin irritation or dimpling,. breast pain,. nipple pain or the nipple turning inward,. redness, scaliness or thickening of the nipple or breast skin,. a nipple discharge other than breast milk, and. a lump in the underarm area.

Treatment

Treatment of breast cancer has improved greatly in recent years. If detected early breast cancer patients now have an excellent prognosis.

Everyone isn’t the same, though, and many factors will influence survival including your age, tumour characteristics, the stage of the disease and the treatment plan you’ve chosen. Once you’ve been diagnosed, your doctor will discuss the relevant treatment plan with you in detail. The same treatments are used for breast cancer in men and women.

To treat your cancer, you may have one or more of the following treatments:. Surgery. Radiotherapy. Chemotherapy. Hormone therapy. Biological therapy

Risk factors for breast cancer: . Age. Family history. Lifestyle choices. Existing medical conditions. Finding breast cancer early can improve survival.

Lifestyle changes that may minimise your risk: . Follow a healthy diet.. Exercise regularly.. Stop smoking.. Use alcohol in moderation.. Try to have your children before the age of 30, if possible, and breastfeed.

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