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Types of acne, how to get rid of them

Acne is commonly classified as a breakout, but there are actually different types of acne. You can also experience more than one type at a time.

Clogged pores cause acne, and what can contribute to it are excess oil production, bacteria, hormones, ingrown hair and dead skin cells.

The different types of acne are blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules and cysts.

Acne can be inflammatory and non-inflammatory.

Non-inflammatory acne: This includes blackheads and whiteheads. It normally doesn’t cause swelling. Products with salicylic acid works best for non-inflammatory acne. It can dissolve dead skin cells and remove excess oil build-up.

What is a blackhead?

This is when a pore has been clogged by a combination of dead skin cells and oil build-up. When the top part reacts with oxygen it results in the black colour.

What is a whitehead?

This is also when the pore gets clogged up with oil and dead skin cells. Unlike the blackhead the top part does not get exposed to oxygen, because it is trapped underneath the skin resulting in a white bump under the skin.

White heads can be treated with products containing retinoids and salicylic acid.

What is inflammatory acne?

Pimples that are red and swollen are known as inflammatory acne. This refers to papules, pustules, nodules and cysts. Oil and dead skin cells also cause inflammatory acne, but it’s bacteria that causes it to become infected. Products containing benzoyl-peroxide may help reduce swelling and bacteria. Your doctor may prescribe a topical or oral antibiotic with a skincare routine.

What is a papule?

A papule is a pink hard, clogged up bump that is tender to the touch. This occurs when the walls surrounding your pores break down due to severe inflammation.

What is a pustule?

A pustule is the same as a papule, but the only difference is that a pustule is filled with pus. These bumps come out of the skin and are usually red with a white/yellow head on top.

What is a nodule?

A nodule is when clogged, swollen pores get irritated and grow bigger. Nodules are deeper underneath the skin than papules and pustules. It’s best to have a dermatologist treat nodules.

What is a cyst?

A cyst is caused by a combination of oil, bacteria and dead skin cells. The clogged pores occur deeper in the skin than nodules. Cysts are large red or white bumps and are often very painful to the touch. A cyst is the largest form of acne. See a dermatologist to treat or remove cysts.

Get those pimples under control

Tips to reduce inflammation to help your pimples heal faster:. Turmeric is anti-inflammatory and will help reduce the inflammation in order to heal the pimple. Make a turmeric and lemon juice paste: Mix one teaspoon of turmeric and one teaspoon of lemon juice. Apply this as a spot treatment on pimples. You can leave it overnight and remove it with milk the next morning. . Cinnamon promotes healing and deep cleanses the skin by eliminating bacteria. Make a cinnamon and banana paste: Mix half a teaspoon of cinnamon and a quarter banana. Apply this paste as a spot treatment. Leave it on for 30 minutes. Remove it with lukewarm water. . Tea tree oil fights inflammation and acne-causing bacteria. Mix one drop of tea tree oil and a teaspoon of carrier oil (grapeseed oil, sweet almond oil or coconut oil). Use a cotton ball to apply it only to the pimples. Repeat the application once or twice times a day. . Green tea eliminates acne-causing bacteria and help reduce sebum (oil produced by the skin). Steep green tea for three to four minutes. Allow it to cool down completely. Spritz it on your face or apply it to pimples with a cotton ball. Leave it on for 10 minutes or leave it overnight and remove with lukewarm water in the morning. . Aloe vera gel has shown to fight bacteria, reduce inflammation and promote healing. Scrape the gel out of the aloe leaves. Apply it onto your skin. It works best in combination with other acne treatments. It can be applied on top or under acne treatments. Repeat once or twice a day. . Apple cider vinegar has organic acids that may help kill acne causing bacteria. Dilute one part of apple cider vinegar with three to four parts of water (use more water for sensitive skin). Use a cotton ball and apply the mixture to the pimples. Leave on overnight and rinse off with lukewarm water in the morning.

* Follow Pantry.Pamper.Page on Facebook and Instagram for more skin advice. You are welcome to submit your skin concerns too.

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